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In Reply to: RE: TU-882R Headphone Amp - Possible Mods posted by Mike C on April 11, 2016 at 15:29:01
Mike , When you talk about removing R1 and R2 along with the two input coupling caps do you have to jump those? It's not obvious what to do to me. Also, did you give C12 and C13 any attention?? I calculated the -3db point at around 60hz with a .047. If correct I would think that would be to high. Tweaker
Simply remove R1 and R2.
The two input caps have to be replaced by a link.
I left all PSU caps as standard including C12 and C13 but I may replace these with good quality Panasonic.
You must have made an error in the calculation - we've all done it! :-)
Z = 1/ (2 x pi x F x C) where F is the frequency and C is capacitance.
F = 1 / (2 x pi x C x Z) where Z is the impedance.
At low frequencies we can totally ignore the small filter cap C7 and the miller capacitance of the output valve, so the load is just R13.
When the impedance of the coupling cap equals the load R13 (1 megohm), half the signal will be lost across the cap and half will appear across R13 (look on it as a potential divider). This gives - 3 dB.
So use C = 0.047 / 1 000 000
Z = 1 000 000
and you'll get F = 3 Hz near as dammit and that's ideal.
RC coupling give phase shifts, roughly speaking these affect only up to about 10 x the -3db frequency, so there will be no appreciable effect above 30Hz (and nothing much to worry about above 15Hz).
Hope this helps; do ask about anything you are not sure about.
"The only silly question is the one that should have been asked but wasn't". :-)
Mike, C12 and C13 replacement is a no brainer. Just what to use? The Panasonics get huge respect, one person thinking that the ED is an equal to the BG. You, Nelson Pass, Michael Samra and others all like the Panasonics for the 350v cap. In Panasonic I see two different alternatives, the ED and the EE. I guess I'll try them both. Any notion of how big they can safely go up to from 22uf. Tweaker
I know very little about electrolytic caps as I rarely use them.
I've tried Black Gates in the past and I'm not convinced even though many people rave about them. From what people say, Panasonic are worth trying. As for ED or EE, check the data; 105 deg C is good, and you want minimum series resistance and maximum rated ripple current (the two tend to go together); also look them up on Tube DIY Asylum.
As for capacitance value ... I can't help as I have no experience of regulated supplies as used here, or of RC dropper stages. I do know that too much capacitance can be harmful; it can sometimes give a 'slow' sound and mess up leading edges. My unit has a fast, clean, engaging sound with fine clean leading edges so myself, I'm leaving the values as is.
My unit is very quiet so I see no need to increase the capacitance.
It's worth seeing what other people have done and try things out yourself carefully, just be aware more capacitance may not be an improvement.
Actually I think that the power in this circuit is not regulated. I believe that the fet is used as a ripple filter. Not exactly regulation, I'm pretty sure. I'm no expert but there are no regulators. Tweaker
Mike, My experience with SS power supplies is that more better. Improvement in bass speed, impact... I have a note to the designer as to how high it can go. The Panos are well loved, as stated before. Being in the more is often better camp a higher rated FET would be an all but certain improvement ,IMO. A little like a higher gauge power cord. I would replace the 2SK2750 with the highest current, wattage rated device that would operate the exact same as the 2750, in the same or similar TO-220 package. Can't pick this out myself, it's out of my league. Tweaker
The phase shift thing. Read your post to the end. The V-cap person in a conversation said you can probably get away with 2x. Printed the 10x suggestion on his site. There have been blind tests as to the perception of phase shift that people have failed. It may be a bigger issue in headphones than in speakers? I went from a overboard 4.7 junk cap to a Muse .47 on my dac output , going into a 47k input,(got that one right) and only noticed a big improvement. Tweaker
"What is the input impedance of the component you'll be feeding" This Mike, is the question asked on the V-Cap coupling cap calculator so I don't have to go back to school. The input impedance of the amp is stated at 50k, I measure 45kish. The headphones I use are 75 ohm and of course this is irrelevant. So then, the component I'll be feeding is the second stage of the tube at 1M. This is what I didn't get. The V-cap calculator works fine, gets around 3hz with 1 meg plugged in. A minus 3db at like 15hz should be ok shouldn't it?? This would mean much smaller than a .047 could be used?? Is it just a phase shift issue or would it be something else?? The next problem is how to get silk fibers into Pano caps? Great info, Thanks, Tweaker
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